Forex correlation

The price of the Canadian dollar is often positively correlated with the price of oil. Typically, an increase in the price of oil will see an increase in the value of the Canadian dollar on the forex market. This is often reflected in the movements the USD/CAD pair because oil is traded in the US dollar, which is generally negatively correlated with the price of oil. The Pearson correlation coefficient is the most used measure of currency correlations in the forex market, but others include the intraclass correlation and the rank correlation.

So, to understand how FX correlations work, let’s take a closer look at some of the most highly correlated FX currency pairs in the foreign exchange market. As the data shows, the correlation between EUR/USD and USD/CHF was almost perfectly negative on this trading day. You could use the negative correlation to hedge your exposure to risk in one of the underlying currency pairs. As an example of the positive correlation between these two pairs, you could open two long positions on the EUR/USD and the GBP/USD currency pairs. If the correlation is currently present in the market and if the pairs increased in price, you could potentially increase your profit. The strength of a currency correlation depends on the time of day, and the current trading volumes in the markets for both currency pairs.

What Is Forex Pair Correlation and How to Trade on It?

At the same time, some currency pairs have a negative correlation. For example, the EUR/USD and the USD/CHF are negatively correlated. Therefore, buying or selling the two currency pairs simultaneously will create a hedge. So, let’s assume that you buy the EUR/USD, but to hedge your exposure, you also buy the USD/CHF. Then, not only you hedge your position, but you can also close your position when you see a small profit. It is, therefore, an excellent strategy for long and short-term trading.

What is forex correlation?

What is currency correlation in forex? A currency correlation in forex is a positive or negative relationship between two separate currency pairs. A positive correlation means that two currency pairs move in tandem, and a negative correlation means that they move in opposite directions.

If you have done everything correctly, you will see something like this on your screen. The above figure displays an updated correlation matrix, where the seven trading instruments listed above are compared. The correlation coefficient of more than 0.7 or less than -0.7 is significant, and so it is highlighted.


By having a good understanding of these issues, you will be at a good position to achieve success by avoiding mistakes that are common to traders. The second reasons why you should use this strategy is to leverage on your profits. When using the strategy, you have a chance to double-up on positions which leads to maximized profits. In this video, you will find how correlation was used to trade in the forex as well as one of our major indexes. Also, how a decision can be used in both, forex and index, or in just one market. I’ll also explain how you might be doubling your risk without even knowing it, and what you can do to correct it.

  • Any research provided does not have regard to the specific investment objectives, financial situation and needs of any specific person who may receive it.
  • If you clearly see that the exchange rates will fall in one of them, do not buy the currency correlating with this pair.
  • If you seek advice on trading correlations, there are many currency correlations indicators for MT4 and MT5.
  • When two currency pairs have a negative correlation, they are negatively impacted by each other and move in the opposite direction.

If you are buying the euro, you would not want to be selling the Swiss. It is the very essence of diversification that you have one currency with a high positive correlation and another with a high negative correlation. Naturally, the stronger a positive or negative correlation, the higher a predictive value is drawn from the analysis. More extended time frames used for a technical analysis display more precise information compared to relationships over one minute, which have a little value. Monthly and yearly data generally provide the most reliable insight. A correlation coefficient helps in determining if the correlation between the two currency pairs is strong or weak,
and to what extent.

How to trade forex correlation pairs

The value of some currencies is not only correlated to the value of other currencies, but it is also correlated to the price of commodities. This is particularly true if a country is a net exporter of a particular commodity, such as crude oil or gold. As previously mentioned, this would be effective if the price of EUR/USD fell by a certain amount per point, but USD/CHF increased for a certain amount per point.

The phenomenon of currency correlations reflects the linear relationship of the currency pairs and the synchronism of this process. A pairs trade involves looking for two currency pairs that share a strong historical correlation, such as 80 or higher, and taking both long and short positions on the assets. A trader can buy the currency that is moving down and sell the currency pair that is moving up. The idea of this is that they will eventually start moving together again, given their long history of a high correlation. Understanding and monitoring currency correlations is important for traders because it can affect their level of risk when trading in the forex market.

How to benefit from currency correlation

This results in a strong inverse relationship between oil prices and USD/CAD. Correlation can change drastically over time, with USD/JPY swinging from positive to negative in the first two rows. As you trade the FX markets, it’s always important to remember that just because markets have been correlated in the past doesn’t necessarily mean they will be forever. Other FX currency pairs that positively correlate with the EUR/JPY include the CAD/JPY, USD/JPY, and NZD/JPY.

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But on the 6-month basis, the correlation coefficient is only 0.31, a very weak reading. The implication is that if you expect a holding period of six months, you cannot count on the correlation. Similarly, EUR/USD has a negative correlation with USD/JPY of 0.23 for the 1-week period, but a far better one for the one-year period (-0.69). This means you cannot count on the yen to move in sync with the euro on a short-term basis but over the longer-run, the correlation does exist, even if 0.69 is not very strong. Analysis of two asset relationships using past statistical data has predictive value.


But also, during times of economic unrest, or when inflation expectations are rising rapidly (as they are in 2021 at the time of writing), investors dump the greenback and risky assets, in favor of Gold. So, the correlation between Gold and the US Dollar changes depending on the drivers because they Forex correlation are two “defensive” (safe have) instruments. You do not need to be a mathematician to understand Forex currency correlations in practical terms. Correlation is a robust statistical measure that helps describe how the movements in one currency pair mirror the movements in another currency pair.

  • Presumably, there are some traders who trade in this manner, but we do not have any hard evidence or testimony about it.
  • To be an effective trader and understand your exposure, it is important to understand how different currency pairs move in relation to each other.
  • Professional Forex traders often use hedging strategies to reduce the high risk and make a good profit from the initial investment at the same time.
  • As the data shows, the correlation between EUR/USD and USD/CHF was almost perfectly negative on this trading day.
  • The charts give precise details on the correlation between two parities.

For example, I brought completely different trading instruments from LiteFinance to the top 7 lines. Hewlett Packard shares, Bitcoin, S&P 500 index, EURUSD and USDJPY pairs, Brent oil, and gold, ranked from first to seventh. Forex correlations mean the ability of one trading asset to repeat the directional movements of another instrument. On the other hand, holding long EUR/USD and long AUD/USD or NZD/USD is similar to doubling up on the same position since the correlations are so strong.

What is a correlation trading position?

Correlation Trading Positions A correlation trading position is a securitization position for which all or substantially all of the value of the underlying exposure is based on the credit quality of a single company for which a two-way market exists, or on commonly traded indices based on such exposures for which a two …